The Disaster Lifecycle

When disasters strike they can impact all walks of life. While the federal, state, and municipal governments break out disaster-related activities into the five mission areas, for the purpose of connecting businesses and NGOs we will use define three specific phases of the disaster management cycle.

Disaster Lifecycle for Business-Nonprofit Coordination

Preparedness -- includes pre-event actions to assess and manage risk, reduce risk vulnerability, plan, organize, train, and exercise, and to develop resilience and sustainability capabilities.

Response -- includes immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, stabilize communities, and meet basic human needs following an incident. Response also includes the execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery. 

Recovery -- the phase including, but not limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for survivors; restoring health, social, and community services; promoting economic development; and restoring natural and cultural resources. Long-term recovery may continue for months or years. It addresses rebuilding or relocating damaged or destroyed social, economic, natural, and built environments and involves a move to self-sufficiency, sustainability, and resilience. 

Communication is a key element of disaster management and understanding the use of terms can be critically important – at times even life-saving. Learn more about the definitions, resources, and nonprofits associated with each Disaster Lifecycle phase. 

Details and Resources:


About the Federal Government in Disasters