The Materials Section of the Circular Economy Toolbox is sponsored by 

The materials in a product can play two important roles in determining how circular a product is. First, the material itself can be produced through a system that is regenerative or come from other materials that have been recycled and returned to the material stream. Then, when coupled with design for circularity thinking, the material can be used in a product and recovered at the end of the product's useful life so that it can be used again in a new product. This is most associated with pacakging, but all types of products can be designed and made from materials that are recoverable and reusable after the original product reached the end of its useful life.


ECOR Fiber Conversion, Manufacturing & Upcycling Process
The ECOR manufacturing process allows for the conversion and upcycling of low value, often problematic, waste resources into a high performance building materials.
Circular Economy Categories: 
NewSKY Shoes

New Balance

NewSKY, a New Balance shoe design, is composed of a high quality polyester fabric called Eco-fi created from post-consumer plastic bottles.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Southwest Upcycling Partnership

Southwest Airlines

Southwest Airlines and textile and accessories upcycler Looptworks, have turned Southwest airplane seats into LUV Seat weekender duffle bags, shoes, and soccer balls.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Mattress Recycling

Hilton Worldwide

The 1,574-room Hilton Anaheim recently recycled more than 2,500 mattresses as part of the chain’s mattress recycling program, which is one of the largest in the country.
Circular Economy Categories: 


Tarkett's ReStart Program allows flooring installation professionals to return and recycle old flooring instead of sending it to landfill. It is a complete program that educates the installer and gives them the tools, and incentives, to return the used products back to Tarkett for reuse.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Fashion with Information Technology


By using item level tags to sort apparel and textiles at the end of their lives, Etology enables the cascade of each type of textile to more suitable and higher-value applications than is the case today.
Circular Economy Categories: 

Shaw Industries

Shaw Industries set out to create a more environmentally responsible alternative to traditional PVC-backed carpet tile. The result was EcoWorx, which would become the world’s first Cradle to Cradle Certified carpet tile.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Linoleum Flooring


For more than a century, Tarkett has been making linoleum flooring with great care and attention using the same manufacturing process and renewable raw materials such as linseed oil, resin, jute, wood and cork flour.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Recycled Beach Plastic for Shampoo Bottles

Procter & Gamble

Procter & Gamble announced that it has teamed up with TerraCycle and SUEZ, the largest waste management company in Europe, to source, develop and put out the first fully recyclable shampoo bottle made from up to 25% recycled beach plastic for the shampoo brand, Head & Shoulders.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Levi’s Waste<Less Collection

Levi Strauss & Co.

Levi’s® Waste Less collection is made of 20 percent post-consumer waste- specifically, recycled plastic bottles. To date Levi’s has used 11.9 million recycled bottles for products such as Levi’s 511 jeans and jackets.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Patagonia Reclaimed Cotton


Patagonia and the TAL Group save cotton scraps by sweeping the floors of their factories in China and Malaysia—saving hundreds of tons of useable cotton in the process. This cutting-room scrap is then spun into fully functional fabrics.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Patagonia 100% Recycled Down


Patagonia Recycled Down Collection is a garment collection using a mix of 600-fill-power goose and duck down reclaimed from cushions, bedding and other used items that can’t be resold.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Dell Reconnect Program


In partnership with Goodwill Industries, Dell collects used electronics of any brand via our Dell Reconnect program at more than 2,000 locations across the United States. The products are then delivered to Dell’s Environmental Partner network for responsible reuse or recycling.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Recycling Program for Print Supplies


HP’s first-of-its-kind closed-loop recycling program for print supplies was designed in collaboration with key recycling and materials suppliers and partners. Through this program, returned ink cartridges are disassembled and separated into metals, plastics, and other materials.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Aluminum Rolled Products


Novelis is leveraging aluminum’s unique properties to meet the needs of our customers, while also providing them with solutions to reduce the risks associated with growing global carbon constraints.
Circular Economy Categories: 
All-in-One Recycling Program

Republic Services

Republic’s industry-leading All-in-One Recycling program accepts all recyclables in one container at work or at home, and our advanced sorting equipment ensures that recyclables are processed responsibly and reliably.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Alaska Airlines Seat Upcycling

Alaska Airlines

Partnering with Looptworks, Alaska Airlines has turned its used seats into handbags and purses.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Aluminum Closed-Loop Manufacturing


Novelis, the world’s largest rolled aluminum company, expressed its intention to adopt an almost entirely closed-loop manufacturing system in which 80% of the aluminum it uses in its beverage cans, automobile parts and specialty products would be recycled material.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Restore Mushroom Packaging

Sealed Air Corp

Sealed Air’s Restore® mushroom packaging is grown by using mycelium to bind agricultural waste into a strong, all-natural composite that offers high-performance cushioning.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Sustainable Textiles


Global retail chain Timberland has partnered with Thread, a company that hires workers in developing countries to create environmentally sustainable textiles, to release a line of shoes and bags crafted from plastic bottles.
Circular Economy Categories: 
PureBond Plywood

Columbia Forest Products

Since 2005, Columbia Forest Products has been manufacturing its PureBond® plywood using a formaldehyde-free adhesive derived from food-grade soy flour and a wet strength resin used in printed currency and milk cartons.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Bio-Based Caps

Tetra Pak

Tetra Pak was first to bring bio-based caps to market, launching in Brazil in 2011, and pioneering the use of bio-based plastic layers made from sugarcane.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Circular Economy (CE) Challenge


As part of a company-wide effort to support clients in developing new, more sustainable, and cost-effective business lines, Rabobank invited nine companies to participate in an inaugural one-year Circular Economy (CE) Challenge.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Compostable Alternatives to Plastics


Ecovative’s products are fully compostable alternatives to synthetic materials such as petroleum-based expanded plastics. They are made of mycelium grown in and around agriculture by-products, acting thereby as a glue, and can take any shape needed.
Circular Economy Categories: 

Jaguar Land Rover

Weight is seen is something of an enemy at Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), so over the past eight years the British car maker has taken lightweighting to new levels with its REALCAR (REcycled ALuminium CAR) project.
Circular Economy Categories: 


Kingfisher brought together its production, manufacturing, retail and logistics expertise into one team with a chemistry research centre, waste recycler and composite wood manufacturer to create a new engineering process called “ReMade”.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Partnership with Pioneer Products


In the United States, more than 82% of the materials that flow through Walmart stores, Sam’s Clubs, and distribution centers are being diverted from land fills.
Circular Economy Categories: 
Nike Grind


Nike Grind is a material made from recycled sneakers collected through the company’s Reuse-A-Shoe program, plastic bottles and manufacturing scraps from Nike’s factories.
Circular Economy Categories: