Building goals around circular activities in manufacturing is an important aspect of implementing and monitoring progress. Setting goals around activites such as zero-waste production, landfill diversion, or the conversion of manufacturing waste into feedstocks for new products or processes all contribute to a circular business model.


Intel’s Design for the Environment program ensures that product end-of-life is taken into consideration from the outset.
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In its “Design for Excellence” innovation process, Philips has added circular economy criteria to its existing criteria of recyclability, upgradability and serviceability.
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Novelis, the world’s largest rolled aluminum company, expressed its intention to adopt an almost entirely closed-loop manufacturing system in which 80% of the aluminum it uses in its beverage cans, automobile parts and specialty products would be recycled material.
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Small amounts of hydroflouric acid used in gas production must be neutralized, often using potassium hydroxide (KOH). This spent KOH was disposed of by the refineries as a hazardous waste. Veolia has developed a method to recover and recycle this spent chemical.
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Key to achieving water goals as well as assisting customers globally is Alcoa’s Natural Engineered Wastewater Treatment technology that mimics natural wetlands to sustainably treat wastewaters.
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